About ClickScience

Existing Content

Listed below is a table of current developed content. This material is available to you and is in the process of being tagged to relevant courses. At present this material is available via the ClickScience search engine.

7 characteristics of a butterfly A specialised movie with photos covering the 7 characteristics of the butterfly.
7 characteristics of a micro-organism An informative movie with photos covering the 7 characteristics of micro-organisms.
7 characteristics of a plant An informative movie with photos covering the 7 characteristics of plants.
7 characteristics of an animal An informative movie with photos covering the 7 characteristics of plants.
7 characteristics of living things An informative, text based movie introducing the 7 characteristics of living things.
7 characteristics of the hop A specialised movie with photos covering the 7 characteristics of the hop.
7 characteristics of the lily A specialised movie with photos covering the 7 characteristics of the lily.
7 characteristics of yeast A specialised movie with photos covering the 7 characteristics of yeast.
A history of biotechnology Various timelines showing the development of biotechnology and genetics including: - Food Biotechnology; Industrial Biotechnology; Biotechnology which is used in curing disease; Gene Technology, Tissue Culture and Cloning Timeline; Genetics Timeline 
Acid rain A highly informative movie showing how acid rain is formed, and graphs showing the effects on the environment.
Additive colour mixing A highly interactive movie where you turn on ray boxes to mix different primary colours to make secondary colours, and are tested on this knowledge.  It also shows you how additive colour mixing is used to produce a picture on the TV.  This movie is extended upon in 'Light and colour'.
Affects of agriculture A very interactive animated movie reviewing farming practices and their effects on the environment. It covers eutrophication, farming, monoculture, agent orange, DDT, bioaccumulation, mercury, fungicides, insecticides and pesticides.
Alcohol, Drugs and Toxicology Introduction to Alcohol, Drugs and Toxicology
Aluminium extraction by electrolysis A step by step guide to the processes involved in the extraction of aluminium from its ore by electrolysis.  
An electronic ruler Use a calibrated variable resistor to adjust the speed of a low voltage motor, and see the calibration graph of voltage against position of slider.
An electronic thermometer Use a calibrated thermistor to adjust the brightness of a lamp.  They use the calibration graphs of current against temperature and voltage against temperature to work out the temperature for known values.
Analysis of Evidence - Explosives Text on analysis of explosives evidence.
Analysis of Evidence - Fibres Analysis of Fibres with photo.
Analysis of Evidence - Footprints Analysis of Footprints with photo.
Analysis of Evidence - Glass Analysis of Glass with photo.
Analysis of Evidence - Teeth Analysis of Teeth evidence.
Analytical Methods A list of different analytical methods and how they are used.
AND gate Simple interactive movie in which you open and close two switches to find out how an AND Gate and its truth table.  The circuit features needs 2 switches need to be turned on to activate the output from the AND gate to turn on a transistor which allows a relay to close and turn on a motor.
Applications of Enzymes Text on the applications of enzymes in industry, food, textiles and medicine 
Arson Introduction to Arson with photo.
Aseptic technique A step by step guide showing how to use aseptic technique to plate yeast onto malt agar plates. Assessment evidence is at the bottom of the page.
Assembling gears A simple step by step guide showing how to assemble gears. Assessment evidence is at the bottom of the page.
Assembling pulleys A simple step by step guide showing how to assemble pulleys. Assessment evidence is at the bottom of the page.
Atomic theory timeline Click on the faces of famous atomic scientists to find out about the history of our knowledge of the atom.
Balancing combustion equations A simple visual explanation showing you how to balance the equation for the combustion of methane with the aid of virtual ball and stick diagrams.
Ballistics Introduction to Ballistics with photo.
Basic Electronic components Choose from inputs, processors and outputs to find out what the different components do, the energy transfers involved, the symbols and how they work. (Also in Unit 3)
Battery tester Simple demonstration of a diode letting current pass in one direction only.
Biofuels Text and photo introducing biofuels
Blast furnace A moving image of the processes occurring in a blast furnace.  You can click to view the equations at different stages in the reactions.
Body Fluids Introduction to Body fluids with photo.
Body Fluids Text based case study of  Colin Pitchfork, the first murderer to be convicted using DNA fingerprinting.
Brewing beer A step by step guide showing you how to make beer in optimum conditions.
Brewing Beer - Controlling Variables Brewing Beer - What variables should be controlled for a fair test. Same as 'Controlling Variables'
Brewing Beer - Evaluation Brewing Beer - Detailed notes to help you with your evaluation. Same as 'Evaluating a Laboratory Experiment'
Brewing Beer - Factors affecting Yeast Growth Brewing Beer - How concentration, temperature, oxygen, pH and sugar affects the growth of yeast. Same as 'Factors Affecting Yeast Growth'
Brewing Beer - Introduction  Brewing Beer - Detailed text and photo introducing beer. 
Brewing Beer - Manipulating Variables Brewing Beer - What variables could be manipulated (Independent Variables). Same as 'Manipulating Variables'
Brewing Beer - Monitoring Brewing Beer - What variables could be measured (Dependent Variables). Same as 'Monitoring'
Brewing Beer - Temperature Text explaining why brewers use different temperatures than the optimum temperatures for yeast growth. Same as 'Yeast Growth and The Brewer'
Brewing Beer - Temperature Control in Brewary Text and photos on how the temperature of ales and lagers is controlled. Same as 'Yeast Growth and The Brewer'
Bullet Comparison An interactivity where you examine bullets and determine which type of gun and which specific gun the bullet was fired from.  Interactive Image.
Burning Fossil Fuels Introduction to Burning Fossil Fuels with photo.
Calibrating a pH meter A step by step guide showing you how to calibrate a pH meter. Assessment evidence is at the bottom of the page.
Calibrating Electrical Devices Introduction to Calibrating Electrical Devices
Capture-recapture method This is an excellent introduction to the techniques used in measuring the population size of motile organisms. Use the Lincoln Index to estimate the periwinkle population in a rock pool by the capture, mark, and recapture method. Paint the virtual periwinkles to mark them.
Carbohydrates Examples of foods containing carbohydrates.  It also introduces ATP as how our bodies store chemical energy.  The general formula for carbohydrates is covered along with more detailed information of types of monosaccharides, disaccharides and polysaccharides.
Case study 1 - Rhossili, Gower A very interactive and informative movie in which you click on a menu to examine the different species present at different areas of a rocky seashore.  Find out how the organisms at those areas are adapted for life in these harsh conditions. 
Case study 2 - Oxwich Bay, Gower A very interactive and informative movie in which you click on a menu to examine the different species present at different areas of a sandy seashore showing succession.  Find out how the organisms at those areas are adapted for life in these harsh conditions.
Casting Footprints Learn how to cast footprints.
Casting Tyre Tracks Learn how to cast tyreprints.
Cells An interactive cell viewer with or without annotations.  Cells featured include: - generalised animal cell, generalised plant cell, parenchyma cells, palisade cells, muscle cell, egg cell, sperm cell, guard cells, bone cell, nerve cell, epithelial cell, white blood cell, red blood cell, animal cell EM.
Chemical Solutions Brief text introduction to preparing chemical solutions.
Chemical Tests Brief text introduction to chemical tests.
Chemical tests for anions A step by step guide showing the chemical tests for sulphate, chloride and carbonate anions. Assessment evidence is at the bottom of the page.
Chemical tests for cations A step by step guide showing the chemical tests for iron (III) and copper (II) cations. Assessment evidence is at the bottom of the page.
Cheque Forgery Different inks used in forgeries show up different colours under ultra violet light.  Turn on a virtual UV light to view the forged ink.
Choice of fuels Select from a pull down menu to find out about the suitability of a fuel including the following factors: - heat of combustion, flash point, initial output of energy, length of carbon chains, amount of residue, cost and transport.
Chromatography of sugars A step by step guide showing you how to carry out an experiment to identify the sugars present in honey by using thin layer chromotography.
Circuit ideas - alarm A movie to help with ideas for your design of a circuit that detects if a door is opened and sounds an alarm.
Circuit ideas - light A movie to help with ideas for your design of a circuit that detects and controls light.
Circuit ideas - temperature A movie to help with ideas for your design of a circuit that detects and controls temperature.
Circuit ideas - water level A movie to help with ideas for your design of a circuit that detects if water level is too low and sounds an alarm.
Cloning of cauliflower A step by step guide showing how to clone a cauliflower in the lab.
Clothing A comparison of the composition, structure, physical properties and   chemical properties of man made and natural fibres.
Collection Of Evidence Examine a mock up of a crime scene by moving along a numbered bar to gain knowledge on procedures used.
Collection of Evidence  -Alcohol Photo showing person being breathalised and a brief introduction to the collection of alcohol evidence
Collection of Evidence - Arson Brief text  on the collection of arson evidence.
Collection of Evidence - Ballistics Introduction to bullets, cartridge cases and firearms wirh interactive photos on ballistics.
Collection of Evidence - Body Fluids Collection of body fluids with photo.
Collection of Evidence - Documents Brief text  on the collection of  document evidence.
Collection of Evidence - Explosives Text on collection of explosives evidence.
Collection of Evidence - Fibres Collection of Fibres with interactive photo.
Collection of Evidence - Glass Text on collection of glass evidence.
Collection of Evidence - Hair Collection of Hair  with interactive photo.
Collection of Evidence - Paint Brief text  on the collection of paint evidence.
Collection of Evidence - Plastic Brief text  on the collection of plastic evidence.
Collection of Evidence - Pollen Brief text  on the collection of pollen evidence.
Collection of Evidence - Soil Text  on the collection of soil evidence with photo.
Collection of Evidence - Teeth Brief text on the collection of teeth evidence.
Colour in our lives Examine examples of how colour features in our lives by moving along a numbered bar.
Communication systems A simple informative movie explaining the 7 steps of a communication system including: - input, encoder, transmitter, link, receiver, decoder and output.
Comparing batteries A summary movie comparing the advantages and disadvantages of the following cells: - zinc carbon, mercury, alkaline manganese, lead acid and nickel cadmium by looking at their different characteristics.
Comparing cell voltages A highly interactive experiment in which you compare the different voltages produced by different metals.  Use your results to deduce the electrochemical series.
Comparing systems An informative movie comparing the cost of radio waves and microwave communication systems with copper wire systems and optical fibre systems.  Make sure you click on 'Typical system' to get up the very useful 'Compare system' option.
Comparison of sports shoes An informative movie containing a table and graphs comparing trainers, plimsoles and tennis shoes.  It looks at the properties grip, density, weathering, wear, strength, stiffness, collisions
Complete periodic table A simple interactive periodic table showing the names and symbols of all the elements. Atomic numbers and masses are on each square when enlarged. 
Compounds and Mixtures Table showing differences between compounds and mixtures.  Information on water, ammonia and methane, 
Concave lens Interactivity showing the path of light through different thicknesses of concave lens and the effect this has on the angle of refraction and focal length. 
Concave Mirror Interactivity showing ray diagram for a concave mirror and the effect altering the curvature has on the focal length. The image is real. 
Conservation Measures Interactive photo introducing Conservation measures.
Conservation of marine habitats An informative movie, which looks at the damage, caused to marine habitats, and how this damage can be reduced.
Conservation of the Biosphere Interactive photo and text about the importance of conservation and organisations involved in conservation.
Controlling light Design a circuit to sense and control light by completing a drag and drop.  Components used include: - resistor, ldr, light dependent resistor, variable resistor, lamp, transistor, and battery.  They also learn how the circuit works.
Controlling temperature Design a circuit to sense and control temperature by completing a drag and drop.  Components used include: - Resistor, Thermistor, Variable Resistor, Lamp, Transistor, and Battery.  They also learn how the circuit works.
Convex lens Interactivity showing the path of light through different thicknesses of convex lens and the effect this has on the angle of refraction and focal length.  
Convex Mirror Interactivity showing ray diagram for a convex mirror and the effect altering the curvature has on the focal length. The image is virtual.  
Costs Of Production A simple interactivity in which you calculate the cost of extracting copper from two mines to find out if it is worth extracting the copper from the ore.
Covalent bonding A simple animation showing the covalent bonds form between 2 chlorine atoms.
Current voltage relationships Graphs showing the current/voltage relationships for the following components: - Resistor, Light Dependant Resistor (LDR), Thermistor, Variable Resistor and Potentiometer
Databases Introduces databases to Key skills level 2.  You can download a database if you have Access on the machine.  You can solve 5 case studies.
Derby Day Disaster A fun interactivity that is different every time you do it.  Examine polaroids of the suspects, read a short newspaper article and analyse evidence to solve the crime by identifying the thief.  Evidence featured includes: footprints, soil, pollen, glass and fingerprints
Designing Your Circuits Introduction to Designing Your Circuits
Detailed element cards An informative and detailed look at elements with atomic numbers 1 to 20 with properties, history, biological functions, uses occurrence.  A word document is enclosed for a printer friendly version.
Detailed Haber Process A high level and very interactive animation in which you can investigate the effect of different temperatures and pressures on the yield of ammonia.  You can also look at an actual graph of how yield differs at different temperatures and pressures. 
Detecting Alcohol A simple step by step guide showing how to detect alcohol in the lab.
Detecting Alcohol/ Information A movie housing the instructions for the activity on detecting alcohol
Detergents An introduction to soaps and synthetic detergents and how they are produced.
Diffraction A highly interactive movie in which you investigate diffraction with different colour light through different sized gaps. Apply your knowledge about diffraction to radio waves.
Disclaimer Disclaimer Health and safety regulations 
Diva Death A fun interactivity that is different every time you do it.  Examine polaroids of the suspects, read a short newspaper article and analyse evidence to solve the crime by identifying the murderer.  Evidence featured includes: hair, fibres, ballistics and DNA.
DNA Profiles Examine DNA profiles to solve 3 cases - a paternity suit, identifying a victim, identifying a suspect.
Documents Introduction to Documents with photo.
Drugs, Collection of Evidence Photo showing drugs bag and brief text explaining how drugs are collected.
Dusting Fingerprints Learn how to dust for fingerprints.
Dyeing fabrics A step by step guide showing you how to carry out an experiment to investigate the dying process on different fabrics.
Dyes Text and photo explaining the history of dyes.
Dyes and Pigments Brief introduction to dyes and pigments with photo.
Effect Of Temperature On An Enzyme Monitoring Yeast - A simple graph showing the effect of temperature on an enzyme.
Effect of temperature on an enzyme A simple graph showing the effect of temperature on an enzyme.  
Effects of weathering and chemical corrosion An animated movie showing how to test for weathering and corrosion 
Effects of weathering and chemical corrosion (text) A text based movie providing information on how to test for weathering and corrosion. This is useful for the unit's assessment.
Electrical measurements A simple interactive movie introducing charge, voltage, current and resistance.
Electronic circuit A movie housing the instructions and assessment evidence for building a Morse code generator
Electronic components A very comprehensive guide to electronic components extending from 'Basic Electronic Components' including symbol, what it looks like, how it works and uses.  Examples include: - cell, push switch, micro-switch, rocker-switch, reed switch, resistor, variable resistor, potentiometer, light dependant resistor (ldr), thermistor, moisture sensor, microphone, transistor, relay, or gate, and gate, not gate, diode, 555 timer, capacitor, lamp, light emitting diode (led), heating element, buzzer, loudspeaker, motor, voltmeter, ammeter.
Electronic Components Introduction to Electronic Components
Electronic configuration Click on the first 20 elements of the periodic table to find out about their electronic structure, atomic number, mass number and electronic configuration. 
Element card revision Contains 2 activities. The first is a drag and drop where you move the elements into numerical order of the atomic numbers against the clock.  This is basically a familiarisation activity.  The second again timed involves typing in the correct spelling of the element from its symbol.
Encoding signals Learn about analogue and digital signals, and disadvantages of analogue signals.  Find out how analogue signals can be encoded into digital signals.  Decode a simple message sent in Morse code as light pulses using the Morse Code reference.
Encoding signals Interactive photo showing a digital message being sent and received and decoded.
Endangered species A colourful and interactive movie looking at endangered species, where they are found, their population and reasons for their decline.
Environmental Change and Damage Introduction to Environmental Change and Damage with photos.
Esterification A simple step by step guide showing you a simple method to prepare an ester.  This produces a small amount of ester and is simpler than the activity but calculating a yield is not possible.
Esterification A movie housing the instructions and assessment evidence for preparing an ester by a condensation reaction.
Esterification A step by step guide illustrating how to prepare an ester by a condensation reaction. The actual yield, theoretical yield and percentage yield can be calculated from this method.
Evidence A highly informative movie showing the possible consequences of the greenhouse effect.
Examining Fingerprints A simple step-by-step guide showing how to detect take and examine fingerprints.
Examining Fingerprints/ Information A movie housing the instructions for the activity on examining fingerprints.
Explosives Introduction to Explosives with photo.
Extension material - detailed notes Text based extension material on the properties of a running shoe.
Extinct species Click on a map of the world to find information about species that are extinct, reasons why species became extinct and success stories of species that have been conserved.
Fats Information on the structure of fats, and their job as energy store.
Fermentation A step by step guide showing you how to make beer.
Fermentation products Information on the importance of fermentation in alcoholic drinks, vinegar, and ethanol as a fuel.
Fermentation Products - Alcohol Text and photo covering one of the most important fermentation products - alcoholic drinks.
Fermentation Products - Fuel Alcohol Text and photo covering the fermentation product - alcohol as a fuel.
Fermentation Products - Vinegar Text and photo covering one the fermentation product - vinegar
Fibres Learn about the different weaves and knits of materials.  Find out about different types of natural and manufactured fibres. Use a virtual scanning electron microscope to identify a fibre from a scene of crime.
Fibres Text based case study Wayne Williams guilty of 28 murders who was convicted on the strength of fibre evidence.
Fingerprint Comparison Learn about the different types of fingerprint, arch, loop, whorl, and how we analyse these fingerprints.
Fingerprints Learn about the different types of surfaces that fingerprints are left on to form latent, visible and plastic prints.  There is also an annotated cross section of the skin.
Flame tests for anions A step by step guide showing the flame tests for calcium, copper, lithium, potassium and sodium anions. Assessment evidence is at the bottom of the page.
Focusing A Camera A simple animation showing the lens in a camera, and how the image is focussed on the film. 
Food A list of nutrients with photos of foods they are found in, and what the nutrients are needed for in our bodies.  It also contains a graph comparing the energy values of different foods and a graph showing different energy demands of different groups of human beings.
Food chains An interactivity in which you test your knowledge about trophic levels.
Food pyramids Learn about pyramids of number, biomass and energy and test your knowledge with a timed quiz.
Food webs An introduction to food chains in which you learn about the energy flow in primary consumers, secondary consumers, tertiary consumers and energy flow in the food chains.  Test your knowledge by completing four interactive food chains.
Footprints  Introduction to Footprints with photo.
Footprints and Tyreprints Introduction to Footprints and Tyreprints with photo.
Forensic Science - Introduction Brief  introduction to Forensic Science
Forensic Scientists Report Text and image on the importance of the forensic scientists report.
Forming covalent bonds Choose to make methane, carbon dioxide, water and oxygen by rotating the electrons on hydrogen, carbon, nitrogen and oxygen.
Forming images Find out how to calculate magnification, and adjust the thickness of a convex lens to discover if the image is real or virtual, magnified or diminished.
Fossil fuels and biofuels Graphs comparing the energy output of various solid, liquid and gaseous biofuels.  It also contains information on biogas and rapeseed oil.  It considers the set up costs of using biofuels.
Fuels and combustion An introduction to types of fuels and their chemical structure.  Interactivity that demonstrates the breaking and forming of bonds during combustion. The energy changes in the combustion of fossil fuels are considered for different alkanes.
Gas Chromatography A movie simply stating how a sample is prepared for the gas chromatograph.  You can then identify the accelerant by comparing the chromatogram to a standard chromatogram.
Gaseous Exchange Monitoring Animals - An animation of the respiratory system showing position and names of lungs, ribs, intercostal muscles, trachea bronchi, bronchioles.  It zooms in to show a labelled alveolus, and then you can examine the process of gas exchange.
Gears A simple two-gear animation showing the difference the number of teeth has on the speed magnification and force.
General properties of materials An informative movie introducing the general properties of materials.
Genetic engineering A highly interactive virtual insulin making factory.  The information is quite high level. Use the equipment to make insulin.
Genetic Fingerprinting An introduction to the structure of DNA and the methodology used to prepare a DNA profile.
Geothermal energy An interactive introduction to geothermal energy and how it is used.
Glass Introduction to Glass with photo.
Global warming A highly informative movie showing the possible consequences of the greenhouse effect.
Haber Process A simple explanation of how ammonia is made by the Haber process.
Habitats A simple interactive introduction to the different types of habitats: - aerial, desert, savannah, swamp, marine, rock pool, rain forest, soil, wood and garden.
Hair Introduction to Hair  with photo.
Hair Evidence Learn about how hair grows, distribution of body hair, ethnic differences in hair
Hazard symbols Learn about common hazard symbols in the lab by completing a drag and drop.
Hazards in the laboratory Examine a virtual lab identifying safety issues.
Heat combustion A step by step guide showing you how to carry out an experiment to determine the heat of combustion of various fuels.
How detergents work A visual explanation of how soaps and synthetic detergents and how they work.
Hydro-electrical energy An interactive introduction to hydro-electrical energy and how it is used.
Improving Desirable Characteristics in Organisms Text based list of desirable characteristics in Garden and crop plants.
Improving Production by Organisms Making Yogurt - Text introducing how man improves organisms by finding the optimum conditions for its growth or by improving the organism itself. 
Indented Writing Indented writing can be seen under Ultra Violet Light.  Turn on a virtual UV light to view the address on a piece of paper.
Industrial processes An informative movie covering CFC's, and damage to the ozone layer, Heavy metals and landfill sites
Inheritance of oil seed rape Mendelian Genetics. Covers basis genetic cross between homozygous dominant and homozygous recessive producing heterozygous F1 generation. The heterozygous offspring are selfed to producing a 3: 1 ratio the F2 generation. A practical example of inheritance of genes looking at the inheritance of the gene for Erucic acid in oil seed rape. 
Interactive genetics Mendelian Genetics. Use the information to carry out a cross ratio.  You will need to use the 'Instructions' for help. You may need help to deduce that the cross is between peas Ss x Ss.  You get a 3:1 ratio.  You also find out about the effect of sample size on the data. The Guinea Pig involves a cross between Gg x gg to give a theoretical 1:1 ratio.  From this you realise that expected and observed ratios differ.
Interference A high level movie to identify constructive and destructive interference, 
Introduction - Ecology Brief text and photo introducing ecology.
Introduction to Genetics Introduction to genetics and natural selection.
Investigating beer production A step by step guide showing you how to make beer.
Investigating collisions An animated movie showing how to test which sports equipment absorbs impact the best.  It has a table comparing materials.
Investigating Density And Flotation An animated movie extending on ' Testing Density' showing how to test for density and flotation. 
Investigating Density And Flotation (Text) A text based movie providing information on how to test for density and flotation.
Investigating How To Improve Grip An animated movie showing you how to test for grip.
Investigating How To Improve Grip (Text) A text based movie-providing information on how to test for grip.
Investigating lenses A simple step by step guide showing how to set up a ray box, concave and convex lens. Assessment evidence is at the bottom of the page.
Investigating mirrors A simple step by step guide showing how to set up a plane, concave and convex mirror and find the focus of concave and convex mirrors. Assessment evidence is at the bottom of the page.
Investigating Pulleys A demonstration of how effort decreases as number of pulleys increase for a 1, 2 and 3 pulley system.
Investigating Pulleys (2) A demonstration showing how the efficiency of a four-pulley system changes when lifting different loads.  You drag 3 different loads onto the pulley to discover what happens to efficiency as load increases.  This extends 'Pulleys' Unit 3.
Investigating resistance to wear An animated showing how to test for resistance to wear.
Investigating resistance to wear (text) A text based movie providing information on how to test for resistance to wear. This is useful for the unit's assessment.
Investigating stiffness An animated movie ' Testing Stiffness' showing how to test for stiffness in the lab.
Investigating stiffness and elasticity An animated showing how to test for stiffness and elasticity of sports equipment. It has a table comparing materials.
Investigating stiffness and elasticity (text) A text based movie providing information on how to test the stiffness and elasticity of sports equipment. This is useful for the unit's assessment.
Investigating yoghurt production A highly interactive movie in which you set up a virtual data logger to record the pH of milk turning into yoghurt at different temperatures.  Select the green button so it reads 6 M - 24 h, select the temperature, turn on the incubator, let it reach its optimum temperature, start the data logger -by pressing the blue button. The virtual data logger then produces graphs and questions for you to interact with.  The traces are printable.
Investigating yoghurt production A step by step guide showing you how to make yoghurt.
Ionic bonding A simple animation showing the ionic bonds form between sodium and chlorine to make sodium chloride.
Isotopes Extension work-Information on the isotopes of hydrogen and carbon.  
Lathering potential A step by step guide showing you how to test the lathering potential of different soaps and synthetic detergents in hard and soft water in the lab.
Levers Introduction to moments with reference to a lever.  You drag different loads onto the lever and calculate the effort (J) needed to lift the load. You can then alter the pivots position and work out the effect this has on effort needed.
Light and colour A highly interactive movie in which you are introduced to white light and the wavelengths it is split into which recaps and extends upon 'The Nature Of Colour' from unit 7'. Turn on ray boxes to mix different primary colours to make secondary colours, be tested on this knowledge.  This recaps and extends on 'Additive Colour Mixing' from unit 7.  You also learn about coloured filters and test your knowledge by moving filters into position and pressing 'Test' to allow the transmission and detection of coloured light by using filters.
Making A Cast A movie housing the instructions for the activity on casting footprints
Making a device You are taken through a variety of tasks to collimate light, and then use increasing numbers of prisms to guide the light around solid obstacles.
Making a device Interactive photo showing a free space type system and an optical fibre system.
Making ammonium sulphate A step by step guide illustrating how to prepare ammonium sulphate by titration.
Making ammonium sulphate (2) A very interactive step by step guide helping you to calculate the theoretical yield of ammonium sulphate, the actual yield and the percentage yield. If you enter your own actual yield at the end the movie will calculate the percentage yield for you.
Making collisions safer (text) A text based movie providing information on how to make collisions safer. This is useful for the unit's assessment.
Making measurements An introduction to SI units and common measurements used in science: - including a timed drag and drop to check your knowledge of common symbols such as volume, current, length, power, resistance, time, potential difference, force, mass, energy, area and temperature
Making soap A step by step guide showing you how to make soap in the lab.
Making yoghurt A step by step guide showing you how to make yoghurt in optimum conditions.
Making Yogurt - Controlling Variables Making Yogurt - What variables should be controlled for a fair test.
Making Yogurt - Evaluation Making Yogurt - Detailed notes to help you with your evaluation.
Making Yogurt - Factors affecting Yogurt Production Making Yogurt - How concentration, temperature, oxygen, pH and length of fermentation affects yogurt production.
Making Yogurt - Introduction  Making Yogurt - Detailed text and photo on the history of yogurt and the bacteria involved.
Making Yogurt - Manipulating Variables Making Yogurt - What variables could be manipulated (Independent Variables)
Making Yogurt - Monitoring Making Yogurt - What variables could be measured (Dependent Variables).
Material data An informative movie with specific examples of ceramics, composites, metals and polymers.  There is also a word document with the same information in the movie.
Measuring liquid levels Design a circuit to sound an alarm if water level is too low by completing a drag and drop.  Components used include: - 
Methods of Analysing Forensic Evidence Page linking to all the different methods of analysing forensic evidence
Microscopy A simple movie containing information on different types of microscope: Light Microscope, Comparison Microscope, Scanning Electron Microscope, Transmission Electron Microscope 
Mineral Deficiencies In Plants Monitoring Plants - Examine the effect of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium on plants and their leaves.
Mirror challenge Learn that the angle of incidence is equal to the angle of reflection.  Test your knowledge with a LASER game firing the laser from the fire gun, rotating the mirrors to hit the target. If you are successful the game gets increasingly difficult with different levels.
Monitoring A Sprinter Monitoring Animals - A movie housing the instructions and assessment evidence for the activity on monitoring barley growth.
Monitoring A Training Programme Monitoring Animals - A very interactive movie in which you compare the heart rate of a sprinter pre and post exercise as their fitness increases.  Use the information to work out the cardiac recovery rate which is the time taken for pulse rate to return to the pre exercise value.  Then enter this data in a table and view the decreased recovery rate, as the sprinter gets fitter on a graph.  This is a good exercise in measuring.
Monitoring Animals - Controlling Variables Monitoring Animals - What variables should be controlled for a fair test.
Monitoring Animals - Evaluation Monitoring Animals - Detailed notes to help you with your evaluation.
Monitoring Animals - Introduction to speed Monitoring Plants - Text explaining how minerals effect plant growth, including Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium  along with deficiency  symptoms.
Monitoring Animals - Monitoring Monitoring Animals - What variables could be measured (Dependent Variables).
Monitoring Barley Growth Monitoring Plants - A movie housing the instructions and assessment evidence for the activity on monitoring barley growth.
Monitoring Plant Growth Monitoring Plants - A very interactive movie in which you compare the growth of a plant in complete mineral solution and compare it to a plant missing nitrogen. Use a magnifying glass to view the smaller plants, and move a ruler to measure the taller plants.  This is a good exercise in measuring.
Monitoring Plants - Controlling Variables Monitoring Plants - What variables should be controlled for a fair test.
Monitoring Plants - Evaluation Monitoring Plants - Detailed notes to help you with your evaluation.
Monitoring Plants - Introduction to minerals Text explaining how  minerals effect plant growth, including Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium  along with deficiency  symptoms.
Monitoring Plants - Monitoring Monitoring Plants - What variables could be measured (Dependent Variables).
Monitoring Plants - Using Fertilizers Monitoring Plants - Brief notes on Applying Fertilizers to improve crop yields.
Monitoring Yeast - Controlling Variables Monitoring Yeast - What variables should be controlled for a fair test. Same as 'Controlling Variables '
Monitoring Yeast - Evaluation Monitoring Yeast - Detailed notes to help you with your evaluation. Same as 'Evaluating a Laboratory Experiment '
Monitoring Yeast - Factors affecting Yeast Growth Monitoring Yeast - How concentration, temperature, oxygen, pH and sugar affects the growth of yeast. Same as Unit 6 ' '
Monitoring Yeast - Introduction  Monitoring Yeast - Detailed text and photo introducing beer. Same as 'Introduction '
Monitoring Yeast - Manipulating Variables Monitoring Yeast - What variables could be manipulated (Independent Variables). Same as 'Manipulating Variables '
Monitoring Yeast - Monitoring Monitoring Yeast - What variables could be measured (Dependent Variables). Same as 'Controlling Variables '
Monitoring Yeast - Temperature Monitoring Yeast - Text explaining why brewers use different temperatures than the optimum temperatures for yeast growth.
Monitoring Yeast - Temperature Monitoring Yeast - Text explaining why brewers use different temperatures than the optimum temperatures for yeast growth. Same as 'Yeast Growth and The Brewer '
Monitoring Yeast - Temperature Control in Brewary Monitoring Yeast - Text and photos on how the temperature of ales and lagers is controlled. Same as 'Temperature Control in the Brewery '
Monitoring Yeast Growth Monitoring Yeast - A very interactive movie in which you learn how to use a haemocytomer to count yeast cells.  Carry out a virtual yeast cell count monitoring the growth of cells at 0oC over 7 days and then work out the number of cells per cm3. Compare this data to other temperatures by selecting the graph option.
Monitoring Yeast Growth Monitoring Yeast - A movie housing the instructions and assessment evidence for the activity on monitoring yeast growth.
Multiplexing Find out how we could multiplex in the lab by using coloured filters to send and receive different signals at the same time.  
Multiplexing Interactive photo demonstrating sending and receiving messages using colour.
NOT gate Simple interactive movie in which you make it light or dark to find out how an NOT Gate and its truth table.  The circuit featured has a light sensor as part of a potential divider.  When it is dark, the NOT gate output is at logic 1 so the transistor is activated closing a really and turns on a lamp.
Obstacles to transmission A highly interactive movie in which you use a virtual toolbox to investigate the obstacles to transmission and how they are reduced.  There are a series of interactive experiments.  Investigate the following obstacles: - distance is solved by curved mirrors and collimating light; Solid obstacles are overcome by reflecting light off a mirror or prism; Obstruction by a gas is overcome by increasing the intensity of light; Light from other sources is reduced by using optical fibres or light shades; Vibration is reduced by the use of weights to secure the object. 
Obstacles to transmission Interactive photo showing collimation of light and effect of a solid obstacle
Optical Communication Systems Introduction to Optical Communication Systems
Optical fibre An informative movie showing total internal reflection in an optic fibre.
OR gate Simple interactive movie in which you open and close two switches to find out how an OR Gate and its truth table.  The circuit featured needs either of 2 switched to be closed to activate the OR gate and turn on an LED.
Organisms and Population size Introduction to why ecologists are interested in monitoring the popuation size of organisms.
Paint Introduction to Paint  with photo.
Paint Text based case study  on 'The Fox' who was convicted using paint evidence.
Paint Analysis Four case studies with crimes for you to solve.  
Parcel Bomb Blast A fun interactivity that is different every time you do it.  Read a short newspaper article about a parcel bomb.  Identify the explosive and plastic used by comparing the traces and recording your findings in your virtual notebook.  Reinforces HPLC, IRS.  Search a database to identify possible suspects, then analyse plastics to find the main suspect.
Percentage yield An animated step by step guide to show you how to calculate actual, theoretical and percentage yield with the specific example of making iron oxide.
Phases Of Yeast Growth Monitoring Yeast - A simple informative animation identifying the lag phase, exponential phase, stationary phase and death phase of a population of yeast.
Physical characteristics Click on a virtual beach to identify instruments used to measure the physical characteristics of the environment.  It includes temperature, topography, light, and salinity.
Physiological Changes During Training Monitoring Animals - Find out about the long term effects of exercise on the muscles, heart, respiratory system.  It also covers antagonistic muscles.
Pigments Text and photo explaining the history of pigments.
Plastic Brief  introduction to plastic  with photo.
Plastic Analysis A simple movie showing the stress patterns of translucent plastics under polarized light.
Pollen Introduction to pollen with photo.
Pollen Analysis An interactive movie with 2 case studies on pollen and how it can be used to solve crimes.
Precipitation A movie housing the instructions and assessment evidence for preparing silver chloride by precipitation.
Preparing a temporary slide A simple step by step guide showing how to prepare temporary slides of onion cells for use on the light microscope. Assessment evidence is at the bottom of the page.
Preparing an insoluble salt A step by step guide illustrating how to prepare silver chloride by precipitation.
Preparing glucose solution A step by step guide showing the method needed to prepare a 100g dm-3 glucose solution. Assessment evidence is at the bottom of the page.
Preparing sodium hydroxide solution A step by step guide showing the method needed to prepare the 1-mol dm-3 glucose solution for titration. Assessment evidence is at the bottom of the page.
Primary cells Comparisons between the primary cells zinc carbon, mercury and alkaline manganese battery with examples of their uses.
Printable Notes - Biology - Animals Detailed notes to aid students with theory for Biology - Monitoring Animals - Sprinter
Printable Notes - Biology - Micro-Organisms Detailed notes to aid students with theory for Biology - Monitoring Animals - Sprinter
Printable Notes - Biology - Plants Detailed notes to aid students with theory for Biology - Monitoring Plants - Barley
Printable Notes - Chemistry Detailed notes to aid students with theory for chemistry practicals.
Printable Notes - Living Organisms Printable notes on the seven characteristics of life and the structure of the cell.
Printable Notes - Manufactured Materials Printable notes on manufactured materials.
Printable Notes - Natural Materials Printable notes on natural materials
Printable Notes - Physics - Electrical Device Detailed notes to aid students with theory for physics - Making an Electrical Device.
Printable Notes - Physics - Mechanical Device Detailed notes to aid students with theory for physics - Making a Mechanical Device.
Printable Notes - Physics - Optical Device Detailed notes to aid students with theory for physics - Making an Optical Device.
Producing copper by redox A step by step guide illustrating how to extract copper from malachite powder.
Products from Micro-organisms Interactive photo and text introducing products from Micro-organisms.
Products from Micro-organisms A table of Micro-organisms, products and their uses
Products from Micro-organisms Detailed notes on Micro-organisms, products and their uses
Products from plants Interactive photo and text introducing products from plants.
Products from plants A table of plants, products and their uses
Products from plants Detailed notes on Plants, products and their uses
Products Of Photosynthesis An animation to demonstrate that carbon dioxide and water are needed for photosynthesis.  It shows that photosynthesis makes glucose, which is then converted, to starch, fats and proteins with the help of minerals. 
Products of photosynthesis An animation to demonstrate that carbon dioxide and water are needed for photosynthesis.  It shows that photosynthesis makes glucose that is then converted to starch, fats and proteins with the help of minerals. Same as Unit 3 'Products of photosynthesis'
Proteins Text and photo on protein.
Pulley Efficiency A movie housing the instructions and assessment evidence for investigating the efficiency of a four-pulley system when lifting different loads.
Pulley Systems A movie housing the instructions and assessment evidence for investigating effort needed to lift the same load using a 1, 2 and 3 pulley system. 
Pulleys An animation of a four-pulley system that calculates energy output, energy input and efficiency.  This movie is extended in 'Investigating Pulleys'
Reactivity series A simple reactivity series explaining which metals can be extracted from their ores by reduction with carbon, and which need reduced by electrolysis. 
Redox A movie housing the instructions and assessment evidence for extracting copper from malachite powder.
Reducing damage - agriculture A very interactive movie in which you select outcomes to solve agricultural pollution and find out the effects of your choices.
Reducing damage - industry An informative movie that looks at the damage caused by industry to the environment, and how this damage can be reduced.
Reducing damage - mining An informative movie that looks at the damage caused by mining and quarrying to the environment, and how this damage can be reduced.
Reducing Damage to the Environment and Managing Conservation Photo and text about Reducing Damage to the Environment and Managing Conservation
Reebok trainer comparison guide A comparison of different types of trainers provided by Reebok.
Refining copper ore A step by step guide illustrating how copper is purified in industry.
Reflection A highly interactive movie in which you learn that the angle of incidence is equal to the angle of reflection. Reflection from coloured, smooth and rough surfaces is also covered.
Refracting Telescope A simple animation showing the lenses in a refracting telescope, and how the image is focussed on the film.
Refracting Telescope A movie housing the instructions and assessment evidence for making a refracting telescope.
Refraction A high level movie in which you use a virtual protractor to work out the refractive index of diamond, glass and perspex.
Relationships of Organisms Introduction to why an organism lives in a particular habitat.
Renewable energy sources An introduction to renewable energy, and their cost.
Revision Notes - Living Organisms Revision notes on the seven characteristics of life.
Revision Notes - Natural  and Manufactured Materials Revision notes and questions on natural and manufactured materials
Sampling techniques Introduction to sampling techniques including quadrats and transects.
Secondary cells Comparison between the secondary cells lead acid and nickel cadmium with examples of their uses.
Security alarm Design a circuit to sound an alarm if a door is opened by completing a drag and drop.  Components used include: - resistor, relay, battery, transistor, diode, buzzer, and reed switch.
Selective breeding Photographic information showing how selective breeding has led to different types of dogs, cattle, roses and apples. 
Setting up a light microscope A simple step by step guide showing how to set up a light microscope, focus on a slide and change the magnification. Assessment evidence is at the bottom of the page.
Shelter A virtual house in which you pick different household items and find out about their uses, properties, structure and appearance.  Alternatively select the type of material from ceramics, composites, metals and polymers to identify where they occur in the house.  Click on the hotspots to get information on the item.
Signature Forgery Learn how a comparison microscope works, and then compare two different cheques to determine which is a forgery.
Soil Introduction to soil with photo.
Soil Analysis Learn about the physical differences between types of soil and analyse soil using 2 different methods, soil sedimentation and a soil pH.
Soil Analysis A movie housing the instructions for the activity on Soil analysis.
Solar energy An interactive introduction to Solar energy and how it is used.
Soldering components A simple step by step guide showing how to solder components into aboard and test the signal voltages. Assessment evidence is at the bottom of the page.
Soluble and insoluble salts An informative table listing soluble and insoluble salts.
Species cover This is an excellent introduction to the techniques used in measuring species cover plants or other organisms where it is difficult to tell where one organism ends and the next begins. Work out the species cover of bladderwrack at midshore by throwing a virtual quadrat and estimating the percentage cover.
Species density This is an excellent introduction to the techniques used in measuring species density for non-motile or slow moving organisms. Work out the species density of limpets at midshore by throwing a virtual quadrat and counting the limpets.  
Sports Equipment An informative movie introducing the properties of materials used for different pieces of sports equipment.
Structure of the atom A simple animation showing the main parts and charges on an atom.
Subtractive colour mixing An interactivity explaining the concept of subtractive colour mixing by examples.
Successes and concerns A useful movie for the assessment highlighting the successes and concerns arising from modern biotechnology.
Swansea enterprise zone A historical view of the effects of the industrial revolution and the ecological recovery of Swansea since.
Technicians list - Cloning Cauliflower Technicians list for Cloning a Cauliflower.
Teeth Introduction to teeth with photo.
Teeth Text based case study  on murderer Carmine Calabro connvicted by his teeth marks
Testing Body Fluids A simple step by step guide showing how to test for glucose.
Testing brittleness Step by step guide showing you how to measure brittleness.
Testing density Step by step guide showing you how to measure the density of a solid and a liquid.
Testing electrical resistance Step by step guide showing you how to measure brittleness.
Testing for Fats A step by step guide showing you how to carry out an experiment to test food for Lipids with Propan-1-ol.
Testing For Ions A movie housing the instructions for the activity testing for ions.
Testing for Starch A step by step guide showing you how to carry out an experiment to test food for starch with iodine.
Testing for Sugars A step by step guide showing you how to carry out an experiment to test food for reducing sugars with Benedicts solution.
Testing hardness Step by step guide showing you how to measure hardness.
Testing stiffness Step by step guide showing you how to measure stiffness.
Testing tensile strength Step by step guide showing you how to measure tensile strength
Testing the strength of sports equipment An animated movie extending ' Testing Tensile Strength' showing you how to test the strength of sports equipment.  It has a table comparing materials.
Testing the strength of sports equipment (text) A text based movie providing information on how to test the strength of sports equipment. This is useful for the unit's assessment.
Testing thermal conductivity Step by step guide showing you how to measure thermal conductivity
Testing transparency Step by step guide showing you how to measure transparency.
The Affects Of Alcohol Examine a virtual man in various stages of inebriation corresponding to his alcohol level in his urine.
The Breathalyser A simple informative animation showing the changes which occur in a 'tube and bag' type breathalyser looking at the reduction of potassium dichromate crystals in the presence of alcohol.
The electrical cell An introduction to the electrical cell comparing how they are arranged a series and parallel battery.  It looks at the chemical reactions in a cell.  It also explains the chemical reactions occurring in a cell.  The chemistry of recharging a battery is also shown in a simple interactive animation.
The electromagnetic spectrum A simple movie showing the different types of electromagnetic waves, their wavelength, sources and how they are detected.
The elements Find out about common elements, names and symbols by % in the earths crust, atmosphere, oceans and the human body.
The eye A simple movie showing the general structure of the eye and detail on the rod and cone cells including how our cones make us see in colour and Rods in black and white.
The greenhouse An interactive greenhouse showing the relevant application of the four circuits you have designed in unit 9 to a real life application.  
The greenhouse effect A highly informative movie showing why greenhouse effect occurs and graphs showing the rapid increase in carbon dioxide since 1850.
The Life of The Cell A brief introduction to DNA and the cell membrane
The Lion Alcolmeter A simple informative animation showing the changes, which occur in an alcometer type breathalyser used by the police.
The microscope A fully functioning interactive microscope in which you set up the microscope by adjusting the mirror then select slides of lung, leaf, cheek, liver or onion cells, focus, change the magnification, and focus the microscope to gain a clear image.  You can also view a word document called 'view images' so you can see labelled cells taken at different magnifications of lung, leaf, onion, liver and cheek cells.
The microscope - tutorial Find out the names of the different parts of the light microscope and test your knowledge with a drag and drop. There are 4 interactive tutorials showing you how to secure the slide, adjust the mirror, focus the image and adjust the magnification.  There is also a word document called 'view images' so you can see labelled cells taken at different magnifications of lung, leaf, onion, liver and cheek cells.
The nature of colour An introduction to white light and the wavelengths it is split into. This movie is extended upon in 'Light and colour'. 
The principles of inheritance Information on the number of chromosomes in different organisms.  It also introduces meiosis and karyotypes along with some chromosome abnormalities
The properties of soap A step by step guide showing you how to test the pH of different soaps and synthetic detergents in the lab.
The resistor Simple interactivity in which you learn how to use the colour bands on a resistor to determine the value of the resistor.
The sea empress oil spill A historical view of the effects of the Sea Empress Oil Spill off the coast of South Wales and the ecological recovery since.
The Sundew Plant Zoom into the parasitic Sundew plant to see the dead insects on it.
The trainer - collision An animated movie showing you how to test the trainer sole for impact.
The trainer - density and flotation An animated movie showing you how to test for density and flotation of the sole of a trainer.
The trainer - general components An informative interactivity to find out about the 5 main parts of a trainer and their properties. This is useful for assessment.
The trainer - grip An animated movie showing how to test the grip of a trainer on different surfaces.
The trainer - resistance to wear An animated showing you how to test for resistance to wear on the sole of a trainer.
The trainer - stiffness and elasticity An animated showing you how to test for stiffness and elasticity of a trainer. 
The trainer - testing strength An animated movie showing you how to test the strength of the sole of a trainer.  
The trainer - weathering & corrosion An animated movie showing you how to test for weathering and corrosion on the sole of a trainer.
Tidal energy An interactive introduction to Tidal energy and how it is used.
Titration A step by step guide showing the method needed to carry out a titration using the example of titrating hydrochloric acid into sodium hydroxide with the indicator bromothymol blue. Assessment evidence is at the bottom of the page.
Titration A movie housing the instructions and assessment evidence for preparing ammonium sulphate by titration.
TLC Of Drugs A step by step guide showing you how to identify drugs by using thin layer chromatography.
TLC Of Drugs A movie housing the instructions for the activity on detecting drugs/sugar
TLC Of Inks A simple step by step guide showing how to carry out the TLC of inks.
TLC Of Inks/ Information A movie housing the instructions for the activity of TLC of inks.
TLC Of Sugars A step by step guide showing you how to identify sugars by using thin layer chromatography.
Total internal reflection Learn about total internal reflection in a prism and a semi-circular glass block.  Real life examples of the periscope and reflectors on bicycles are examined.
Toxicology Testing A movie housing the instructions for the activity on detecting lead ions.
Transgenic Plants Text based detail on transgenic, or genetically modified GM plants
Transmitters and receivers of light Learn about the different types of transmitter and receiver of light including: - Lamp, LED, Laser, Photocell and LDR.  They look at how they work and Problems arising in communication systems with each.  They also investigate the best combination for sending and receiving signals. 
Transmitting Messages Introduction to Transmitting Messages
Types of Forensic Evidence Page linking to all the types of forensic evidence
Urban Development and Recreation Introduction to Urban Development and Recreation
Useful electrical circuits Select and view a range of useful circuits to detect temperature, moisture, and timers. 
Using Databases- DNA Text and image introducing DNA Databases.
Using Databases-Criminal Records Text and image introducing the National Identification Service, NIS.
Using Databases-Medical Records Text and image introducing the Medical Records
Vehicle Identification Numbers A simple informative movie about VIN or chassis numbers on cars.
Visual Examination Text and photo introducing visual analysis technique.
Visual Examination Text and photo introducing Chemical analysis technique.
Waves A very interactive movie about amplitude and frequency.  
Wind energy An interactive introduction to wind energy and how it is used.
World ore deposits An interactive on-line map with rich ore deposits of the world.  You can also view ores close up.